Experiencing some trouble with reading is a frequently occurring problem if you're hitting middle age. This is why: As time passes, your eye's lens grows more rigid, decreasing your ability to focus on close objects. This is called presbyopia.
People with untreated presbyopia may hold printed text at arm's length in order to focus properly. Additionally, engaging in other close-range activities, for example, needlepoint or writing, could also result in headaches, eyestrain or fatigue in those who have developed this condition. For people who want to deal with presbyopia, you have a number of solutions, regardless of whether you currently wear glasses, contacts or nothing at all.
Reading glasses are only efficient for those who wear contacts or for people who don't already wear glasses for issues with distance vision. Although these are readily available at pharmacies or drugstores, you shouldn't purchase them until you have had a proper eye exam. Those cheap reading glasses may help for brief periods of reading but they can eventually result in fatigue when people overwear them.
If you already have glasses for near sightedness, think about bifocal or multi-focal corrective lenses, or the popular progressive addition lenses (PALs). PALs and multi-focals are glasses that have separate points of focus, and the lower part of the lens is where there is a prescription to help you focus on things right in front of you. Contact lens wearers should speak to their eye care specialist to discuss multifocal contact lenses, or a treatment approach which is called monovision, where each eye wears a different kind of lens; one that corrects distance vision and one to correct close vision.
Expect to routinely check and possibly adjust your prescriptions, because your eyes and vision slowly change with age. Presbyopia is seen in older individuals even after refractive surgery, so it is it's worthwhile to take the time to find out about all the options before making decisions about your vision care.
It's best to speak to your eye doctor for an unbiased opinion. Sight goes through changes as you reach middle age and we want to help you manage it in the way that's most helpful and beneficial to you.